The mineral boron has been tentatively identified as an essential nutrient for humans. Dr. Penland produced the first evidence that low boron intakes in both animals and humans produce changes in brain electrical activity similar to those produced by general malnutrition and exposure to toxic elements, and that low boron intakes are associated with poorer shortterm memory and motor performance in humans.
Dr Penland produced the first evidence that dietary boron may be important for brain function in healthy, older adults. Mineral Element Nutrition, Neurophsychological Function and Behavior Research Laboratory also known as the Psychology Research Group. Dr. Penland
Dietary boron may be important for sensory-motor function and cognitive performance. Data collected showed that the lower boron intake resulted in impaired performance on tapping, pursuit, search, counting and encoding tasks. Penland JG. Quantitative analysis of EEG effects following experimental marginal magnesium and boron deprivation. Magnesium Research 8:341-58, 1995.
The element boron plays a key role in the chemical make-up of bones and joints through its effects on calcium metabolism. In areas of the world where dietary boron intake is usually 1 mg or less per day, the estimated incidence of osteoarthritis ranges from 20 to 70 percent, while in areas of the world where boron intake is 3 to 10 mg per day, the incidence of osteoarthritis is only zero to 10 percent. Newnham RE. Essentiality of boron for healthy bones and joints. Environ Health Perspect 1994; 102(suppl 7):83-5.
Evidence from one small, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial suggests that boron supplementation may benefit patients with osteoarthritis. Travers RL, Rennie GC, Newnham RE. Boron and arthritis: the results of a double-blind pilot study. In: British Society for Nutritional Medicine. Journal of nutritional medicine. Vol 1. Abingdon, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Carfax, 1990:127-32.
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