The journey method is based on using landmarks on a journey that you know well.
This journey could, for example, be your journey to work or school in the morning, the route you use to get to the front door when you get up in the morning, the route to visit your parents, or a tour around a campus. Once you are familiar with the technique you may be able to create imaginary journeys that fix in your mind, and apply these.
PREPARING THE ROUTE
To use this technique most effectively, it is often best to prepare the journey beforehand so that the landmarks are clear in your mind before you try to commit information to them. One way of doing this is to write down all the landmarks that you can recall in order on a piece of paper. This allows you to fix these landmarks as the significant ones to be used on your journey, separating them from others that you may notice as you get to know the route even better.
You can consider these landmarks as stops on the route. To remember a list of items, whether these are people, experiments, events or objects, all you need do is associate these things or representations of these things with the stops on your journey.
For example, I may want to remember something mundane like a shopping list:
Coffee, salad, vegetables, bread, kitchen paper, fish, chicken breasts, pork chops, soup, fruit, bath cleaner.
I may choose to associate this with my journey to the supermarket. My mnemonic images therefore ap-pear as:
1. Front door: spilt coffee grains on the doormat
2. Rose bush in front garden: growing lettuce leaves and tomatoes around the roses.
3. Car: with potatoes, onions and cauliflower on the driver's seat.
4. End of the road: an arch of French bread over the road
5. Past garage: with sign wrapped in kitchen roll
6. Under railway bridge: from which haddock and cod are dangling by their tails.
7. Traffic lights: chickens squawking and flapping on top of lights
8. Past church: in front of which a pig is doing karate, breaking boards.
9. Under office block: with a soup slick underneath: my car tires send up jets of tomato soup as I drive through it.
10. Past car park: with apples and oranges tumbling from the top level.
11. Supermarket car park: a filthy bath is parked in the space next to my car!
EXTENDING THE TECHNIQUE
This is an extremely effective method of remembering long lists of information: with a sufficiently long journey you could, for example, remember elements on the periodic table, lists of Kings and Presidents, geographical information, or the order of cards in a shuffled pack of cards.
The system is extremely flexible also: all you need to do to remember many items is to remember a longer journey with more landmarks. To remember a short list, only use part of the route!
LONG AND SHORT--TERM MEMORY
You can use the journey technique to remember information both in the short-term memory and long term memory. Where you need to use information only for a short time, keep a specific route (or routes) in your mind specifically for this purpose. When you use the route, overwrite the previous images with the new images that you want to remember. To symbolize that the list is complete, imagine that the route is blocked with cones, a 'road closed/road out' sign, or some such.
To retain information in long-term memory, reserve a journey for that specific information only. Occa-sionally travel down it in your mind, refreshing the images of the items on it.
One advantage of this technique is that you can use it to work both backwards and forwards, and start anywhere within the route to retrieve information.
USING THE JOURNEY SYSTEM WITH OTHER MNEMONICS
This technique can be used in conjunction with other mnemonics, either by building complex coding im-ages at the stops on a journey, linking to other mnemonics at the stops, moving onto other journeys where they may cross over. Alternatively, you may use a peg system to organize lists of journeys, etc.
The journey method is a powerful, effective method of remembering lists of information, whether short or long, by imagining images and events at stops on a journey.
As the journeys used are distinct in location and form, one list remembered using this technique is easy to distinguish from other lists.
Some investment in preparing journeys clearly in your mind is needed to use this technique. This invest-ment is, however, paid off many times over by the application of the technique.
Alternatively this information may be coded by vividly imaging the following scene:
An AVON lady is walking up a path towards a strange house. She is hot and sweating slightly in the heat of high SUMMER (Somerset). Beside the path someone has planted giant CORN by a WALL (Cornwall), but it's beginning to WILT (Wiltshire) in the heat. She knocks on the DOoR (Dorset), which is opened by the DEVil (Devon). In the background she can see a kitchen in which a servant is smearing honey on a HAM (Hampshire), making it GLOSsy (Gloucestershire) and gleam in bright sunlight streaming in through a window. Panicked by seeing the Devil, the Avon lady panics, screams 'SoRRY' (Surrey), and dashes back down the path.
Given the fluid structure of this mnemonic, it is important that the images stored in your mind are as vivid as possible, and that significant, coding images are much stronger that ones that merely support the flow of the story.
This technique is expanded by adding images to the story. After a number of images, however, the sys-tem may start to break down.
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