Brain Upgrade

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Pegword Strategy - Example

The pegword strategy uses rhyming words to represent numbers or order. The rhyming words or "peg words" provide visual images that can be associated with facts or events and can help students associate the events with the number that rhymes with the pegword. It has proven useful in teaching students to remember ordered or numbered information (Scruggs & Mastropieri, n.d.). For example, "one" is typically represented by the word pegword "bun," two is represented by the pegword "shoe," and "three" is represented by the pegword "tree." Teachers can use these pegwords to help students remember historical facts.

During a study of the American Revolutionary War, a teacher wanted herstudents to remember the three major Acts that the British Parliament passed that led to the American Revolutionary War: the Sugar Act of 1764, the Stamp Act (1765), and the Townshend Acts (1767). To help them remember the Acts and the order in which they occurred, she created the following mnemonics: for the Sugar Act of 1764, she created a picture of a bowl of sugar reminding students of the Sugar Act of 1764) being poured on a hamburger bun ("bun" is the pegword for "one," indicating the first Act that Parliament passed). For the Stamp Act, the teacher created a picture of a pair of shoes ("shoe" is the pegword for "two") with a stamp (to remind students of the Stamp Act) on it. Finally, she created a picture of a teapot with the Union Jack on it (to remind the students of the Boston Tea Party, which resulted from the Townshend Acts) and a tree coming out the top of the teapot ("tree" is the pegwordfor "three").

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