Gastric Bypass surgery consists of a group of medical procedures that are used to address conditions of morbid obesity. Morbid obesity is an unusually severe amount of accumulated fat tissue that can lead to various health issues. The term used to encompass all of the various surgical procedures pertaining to morbid obesity is Bariatric Surgery. A gastric bypass is only one set of these operations.
A gastric bypass will first divide the stomach into two sections - a smaller upper pouch and a larger lower pouch. The small intestine will then be re-arranged so that both pouches can still be connected to it. There are several techniques that can reconnect the small intestine, which gives the different types of surgeries their names.
This, of course, leads to great reduction in stomach volume which also leads to the patient's response to eating, in general. The loss of weight, on average has been shown to reduce long-term mortality by approximately 40%. However, there are possible complications that commonly arise and death from surgical procedures (in one month's time) is around 2%.
This information provided for educational purposes only and does not constitute medical advice. For medical questions, Consult a physician.
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