Medical Dictionary

Medical Dictionary

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soluble RNA

The small RNA molecules, 73-80 nucleotides long, that function during translation to align amino acids at the ribosomes in a sequence determined by the mRNA. There are about 30 different transfer RNAs. Each recognizes a specific codon set on the mRNA through its own anticodon, and as aminoacyl tRNAs, each carries a specific amino acid to the ribosome to add to the elongating peptide chains. Synonym(s): adapter RNA, ribonucleic acids, transfer, Transfer RNA, tRNA

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