1. Active Reading
Read with intent and purpose, not just to complete the assignment.
Preview the chapter or text.
Note the thesis statement and evidence.
Ask questions while reading.
Annotate and take notes.
Pause to observe comprehension.
Review the material.
Think about the material.
Study diagrams or draw diagrams to increase understanding.
2. Strategies to help with difficult reading (adapted from Successful College Writing, McWhorter)
To help concentration and interest: take limited breaks, work at peak periods of attention, complete assignment in sections, and choose a deadline.
To help with difficult sentences and ideas: read aloud, break sentences into parts, rephrase the material, make an outline of the material, reread sections of the assignment, discuss the material with the instructor or a classmate, explore the organization of the chapter, paying close attention to introductions, summaries, and headings.
To help with an unfamiliar subject: research information about the author and subject, find other sources that offer more explanation or review, understand any specialized vocabulary, look at another textbook for the course.
Recognize that more complex ideas require special words and learn these words.
Understand the relationship between successful learning and a large vocabulary.
Use a dictionary.
Learn to recognize word roots and prefixes.
Develop a system for vocabulary building.
4. Indicators of low reading comprehension
Nothing seems important or everything seems equally important.
Can't predict what's coming next.
Don't know why the material is
important or was assigned.
Writing seems disjointed.
Vocabulary seems unfamiliar.
The topic is unfamiliar, but the author assumes the reader has knowledge.
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