1. BEFORE THE LECTURE BEGINS:
Make some preparation for the lecture so that you will be more likely to predict the organization of the lecture.
---CHECK THE COURSE OUTLINE to see if the lecturer has listed the topic or key ideas in the upcoming lecture. If so, convert this information into questions to be answered in the lecture.
---BEFORE THE LECTURE, complete outside reading or reference assignments.
---REVIEW THE TEXT ASSIGNMENT and any reading notes taken.
---REVIEW NOTES from the previous lecture.
Sit as near to the front of the room as possible to eliminate distractions.
Copy everything on the blackboard and transparencies, especially the outline.
Have a proper attitude. Listening well is a matter of paying close attention. Be prepared to be open-minded to what the lecturer may say even though you may disagree with it.
2. DURING THE LECTURE:
Have your lecture paper and pencil or pen ready.
Write down the title of the lecture, the name of the course and the date.
Watch the speaker carefully.
Listen carefully to the introduction (if there is one). Hear the lecture. By knowing his outline, you will be better prepared to anticipate what notes you will need to take.
Be brief in your note taking. Summarize your notes in your own words, not the instructor's. Remember: your goal is to understand what she is saying, not to try to record exactly everything she says.
Try to recognize main ideas by signal words that indicate something important is to follow. Examples: "First, Second, Next, Then, Thus, Another important...," etc.
Jot down details or examples that support the mainideas. Give special attention to details not covered in the textbook.
If there is a summary at the end of the lecture, pay close attention to it. You can use it to check the organization of your notes. If your notes seem disorganized, copy down the main points covered in the summary. It will help in revising your notes later.
At the end of the lecture, ask questions about points you did not understand.
on't be in a rush. Be attentive, listen and take notes right up to the point at which the instructor dismisses you. If you are gathering together your personal belongings when you should be listening, you're bound to miss an important point--perhaps an announcement about the next exam!
3. AFTER THE LECTURE:
Revise your notes as quickly as possible, preferably immediately after the lecture since at that time you will still remember a good deal of the lecture.
During the first review period after the lecture, coordinate reading and lecture notes.
Review your lecture notes AT LEAST ONCE A WEEK. Also, review the lecture notes before the next lecture.
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